The National Development Plan (NDP) aims to eradicate poverty and reduce inequality by focusing on growing an inclusive economy, building state capacity, improving education and healthcare, and society in general. While these broad terms sound good in theory, what are the concrete goals – in practice? In this blog series, we’ll look at each of the focus areas of the NDP, outlined in chapters 3 to 14 of the plan. Read part three – The NDP and education here.


Chapter 5 of the NDP covers environmental sustainability and resilience.

  • A set of indicators for natural resources, accompanied by publication of annual reports on the health of identified resources must be maintained in order to inform policy.
  • A target must be set for the amount of land and oceans under protection, increasing from the 7.9 million hectares of protected land, 848kms of protected coastline and 4 172m2 of protected ocean waters in 2012.
  • Achieve the peak, plateau and decline trajectory for greenhouse gas emissions, with the peak being reached around 2025.
  • Entrench an economy-wide carbon price by 2030.
  • Establish zero-emission building standards by 2030.
  • Achieve absolute reductions in the total volumes of waste sent to landfills each year.
  • Contract at least 20 000MW of renewable energy by 2030.
  • Improve disaster preparedness for extreme climate events.
  • Increase investment in new agricultural technologies, research and the development of adaptation strategies for the protection of rural livelihoods and the expansion of commercial agriculture.

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