The National Development Plan (NDP) is a vision for South Africa’s prosperous future. It defines a desired trajectory for the country and recognizes the role that different sectors of society need to play in fulfilling that vision.

At a country level, the NDP identifies the sustainable management of the environment as a critical capability, alongside building legal and other institutions, infrastructure (telecommunications, water, energy and transport), the education and training system, systems of innovation and patterns of spatial development. One of the external drivers of change highlighted in the process of the development of the NDP, is climate change.

In this regard, the Green Economy presents investment prospects that will lead to much needed future employment opportunity in South Africa, while working towards the sustainability priorities set out by the NDP.


1. Utility-scale renewable energy and energy services

NDP objective

Move to less carbon-intensive electricity production through procuring at least 20 000MW of renewable energy, increased hydro-imports from the region and increased demand-side measures, including solar water heating.


2. Electric Vehicles

NDP objective

By 2030, public transport will be user friendly, less environmentally damaging, cheaper and integrated or seamless.


3. Water

NDP objective

Ensure that all people have access to clean, potable water and that there is enough water for agriculture and industry, recognising the trade-offs in the use of water. Reduce water demand in urban areas to 15 percent below the business-as-usual scenario by 2030.


4. Waste

NDP objective

Absolute reductions in the total volume of waste disposed to landfill each year.


5. Sustainable Agriculture

NDP objective

Channel public investment into research, new agricultural technologies for commercial farming, as well as for the development of adaptation strategies and support services for small-scale and rural farmers.

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